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Profession Choosing

Учебник " Cambridge English for schools in Russia”-3 под редакцией О. Виноградовой. 8 класс


Обучающие цели: Совершенствование коммуникативных умений; увеличение объема знаний по теме; увеличение объема используемых лексических единиц. Развивающие цели: Развитие навыков аудирования; диалогической речи и монологического высказывания по теме; развитие лексических и грамматических навыков. Воспитательные цели: Воспитание нравственности, чувства патриотизма, трудолюбия, культуры общения в коллективной деятельности.

Оборудование: учебник и тетрадь, кассета, плакаты, раздаточный материал по теме, доска.

Ход урока

 1 этап: Приветствие, постановка задач и объяснение темы. Hello, boys and girls! I am glad to see you. How are you? I’m sure that you are full of energy and ready to do our lesson interesting and rich. The theme of our lesson is: "After school. Your future”. We are going to discuss choosing your future professions. At the previous lessons we spoke much about leisure activities and different jobs. We have learnt many new words.

 2 этап: Развитие лексических навыков. Увеличение объема используемых лексических единиц. Now we are going to recall these words. Answer my questions please. What leisure activities do you know? What activities are the most popular in Russia? What do you enjoy? What names of jobs do you know? What are the most popular in Russia? What professions are the most and the least paid in our country? What jobs are the most interesting and uninteresting for you? Take the lists with descriptions of many different jobs. First of all read them. Then match the sentences with names of jobs. Приложение 1. Lexical Test Choosing Your Future Profession Task: choose the suitable words. 1. A person whose job is to keep and examine the money accounts of business or people is called … 2. A person who plans new buildings and sees that they are built properly is called … . 3. A person who practices or works in one of the fine arts is called … . 4. A person who is skilled at making and repairing wooden objects is called … . 5. A scientist who specializes in chemistry is called … . 6. A person who prepares and cooks food is called … . 7. A person professionally trained to treat the teeth is called … . 8. A person who works at a dock is called … . 9. A person who drives a car is called … . 10. A person who plans and understands the making of machines, roads, bridges is called … . 11. A person who owns or plans the work on a farm is called … . 12. A person who changes speech from one language into another is called … . 13. A person whose profession journalism is called … . 14. A person whose business is to advise people about laws and to represent them in court is called … . 15. A worker in a mine is called … . 16. A person who performs on a musical instrument, or who writes music is called … . 17. A person qualified to practise both medicine and surgery is called … . 18. A person who studies physics is called … . 19. A person who flies an aircraft is called … . 20. A member of a navy, or sailor on a ship, who is not an officer is called … . 21. A person who makes or repairs shoes is called … . 22. A worker in iron or other metals is called … . 23. A man who serves passengers on a ship or plane is called … . 24. A person who makes garments (одежда) for men is called … . 25. A person who changes writing from one language into another is called … . 26. A person whose job is to weave cloth is called … . For help: a) dentist, b) shoemaker, c) artist, d) tailor, e) accountant, f) driver, g) seaman, h) architect, I) physician, j) chemist, k) smith, l) docker, m) translator, n) farmer, o) carpenter, p) lawyer, g) steward, r) weaver, s) journalist, t) cook, u) physicist, v) interpreter, w) pilot, x) miner, y) musician, z) engineer.

3 этап: Развитие навыков монологической речи и аудирования. Увеличение объема знаний по теме. If you want to become great specialists in your future professions, you need to get great education. We have to discuss the differences in education systems of 3 main countries: Great Britain, USA and Russia. Firstly listen attentively, after that answer the questions to these texts. Приложение 2. Ученик 1. Education in Russia Before children start going to school, many of them attend kindergarten until they are 6 or 7. Compulsory education in our country begins at the age of 7, when children go to primary school. This is the first stage of their schooling and lasts 3 or 4 years. The children learn to read, to write and to count. They also have Drawing, Music and Physical Training classes. Secondary stage begins from the 5th form where children have a lot of new subjects, such as Literature, History< Natural Science, Physics, Algebra and Geometry, a foreign language and others. Examinations are taken at the end of the 9th and the 11th year. After passing their schoolleaving exams at the age of 16 or 17, young people receive a Certificate of Secondary Education. Some children may leave school after the 9th form and continue their education at vocational or technical secondary schools or colleges. Besides general regular schools there are other types of secondary schools in Russia: gymnasiums and lyceums, some of them are fee-paying. Among higher educational institutions there are universities, institutes, academies, and schools of higher education, where the course of studies is normally 5 years. To enter a higher educational institution young people have to take entrance examinations. Answer the questions: 1. At what age does compulsory education begin in Russia? 2. How long does primary education last? 3. What do children learn in primary school? 4. What subjects are studied at the secondary stage? 5. When do school-leavers receive a Certificate of Secondary Education? 6. What higher educational institutions are there in Russia? Приложение 3. Ученик 2. Education in Great Britain In Great Britain education is compulsory for all children from 5 to 16 years of age. Before 5 some children attend Nursery Schools, while most children start their basic education in an Infant School, which is the first stage of Primary Education. In Primary School children are taught the so-called 3R’s- reading, writing and arithmetic, as well as elementary science and information technology. They also have music, physical training and art classes. At the age of 11 children transfer to Comprehensive Schools. These schools give general education and a wide range of academic courses leading to the public examinations taken at 16. They also provide some vocational courses. Along with the state schools there are about 500 private schools in Britain. Most of these Independent or Public Schools charge fees and there are boarding schools, where the children actually live in the school. Any child may leave school at 16 when all children take the school- leaving examinations and get a certificate of secondary education. Those who want to continue their education at a University have to stay on at school for two more years and take another exam ( at advanced level). Advanced level examination is very important, because on the results of this examination the Universities and Polytechnics choose their students, as there are no entrance examinations. The leading universities in England are Oxford, Cambridge and London. Each University consists of a number of faculties: medicine, arts (philosophy), law, music, natural science, commerce and education. After 3 years of study, a student receives a Bachelor’s degree. Some may continue their studies for 2 or more years to get the degrees of Master and Doctor. Besides universities, there are other types of higher educational institutions: Polytechnics and Colleges of different kinds. Answer the questions: 1. At what age do all children start their basic education in Great Britain? 2. What subjects are taught in Primary School? 3. What is the difference between a state and a private school? 4. What is the first school-leaving age in Britain? 5. How do Universities and Polytechnics choose their students? 6. What are the most famous English Universities? Приложение 4. Ученик 3. Education in the United States Public education at all levels in the US is the responsibility of individual states. Education is provided to all children from the age of 5 to 18 in the public school system. After an optional year in kindergarten, children enter grade 1 at the age of 6. Education is compulsory until the age of 16. The usual plan for dividing schools is: 6years of elementary school, 3 years of junior high and 3 years of high school, but this plan may be different in different states. Those who complete the full high school programme receive a high school diploma. The subjects children learn are much the same as in other countries. In most schools History and Geography are taught as one subject, and Literature is taught in classes of English. Schoolchildren can learn one foreign language for 2 years (Spanish, German, or French). The American think that learning how to think independently and problem-solving skills is more important than learning facts. Today there is a strong emphasis on science, mathematics and foreign languages and the knowledge of other people and countries. Besides public schools there are private schools, which are very expensive, and religious schools, which are also fee- paying. About half of the young people today who finish secondary school go on to community colleges, which provide 2 years of higher education at minimal cost. State colleges and universities provide 4 years of higher education necessary to receive a bachelor’s degree, as well as additional education for a master’s degree. Fees are different in different states. Besides these, there are many private colleges and universities, which are more expensive than public institutions. Answer the questions: 1. Who is responsible for public education in the US? 2. At what age do American children go to school? 3. What are three schools, which comprise secondary education? 4. What subjects do schoolchildren learn? 5. What are the most popular foreign languages in the US? 6. What kinds of higher educational institutions are there in the US? 4 этап: Развитие навыков чтения и обсуждения текста. Now we are going to discuss the qualities of working people, their skills and abilities. But at first let’s read the compositions of English students about their favourite school subjects, general skills, then answer the questions. Open Companion books on page 15, exercise 12. Tell me about yourselves, what skills and favourite subjects you have. Are you the right person for the profession you have chosen? What kind of person are you? Choose adjectives that you can use describe yourself. polite elegant generous ambitious serious easygoing unpleasant sociable clever creative forgetful careless funny adventurous friendly reliable practical shy enthusiastic talkative Write a word you can use to describe someone who: 1) always keeps a promise- 8) always looks very smart- 2) is often unkind to other people- 9) makes a lot of silly mistakes- 3) doesn’t remember things- 10)has good manners- 4) thinks deeply about things- 11) likes giving thing to people- 5) likes to be around people- 12)shows a lot of excitement and eagerness- 6) is full of bright ideas- is always able to deal efficiently with problems 7) likes making people laugh- 14) doesn’t say much around other people-

5 этап: Развитие навыков диалогической речи. We have got a lot of information about the World of Work. Now we shall read and act out the dialogues about it. Take the sheets and prepare for your appearance. Приложение 5: 4 пары учеников. A: What do you do, Mr Collins? B: I’m a biologist. A: Do you like your profession? B: Very much. Biology is a very interesting science. A: Have you ever tried anything else? B: No, ever. I was attracted to biology even as a schoolboy. II A: Do you like your new job? B: Yes, very much. It’s just my line. A: What is your occupation? B: I’m a translator. I do translations from English into Russian. A: What kind of translations are they? B: I translate books and articles about electronics. III A: Will you please tell me about your occupation? B: I’m an engineer at a design institute. A: What does your institute do? B: WE design hydro-electric power stations. A: Do you have any orders from abroad? B: Yes, we have close business relations with many foreign countries. I have to travel very much. That’s why I’m learning English. A: Are you satisfied with your work? B: Yes, I enjoy it greatly. IV A: Have you made up your mind what to become in the future? B: To tell the truth no, I haven’t. A: But you pay so much attention to your English! B: Yes, I do. I believe a foreign language will come in handy in my life. 6 этап: Закрепление грамматического материала. Your home task was to repeat the Present Perfect and the Past Simple and to find in the texts the appropriate forms of the verbs. Let’s control this task. Open your books and exercise books on page 155. Who wants to answer? 7 этап: Подведение итогов. We’ll talk about our results. What have we done today? We have known and used many new words. We have listened and discussed our interesting theme. We have read the text and done the grammar exercise. I appreciate your knowledge and speaking skills. Thank you for your work. Your marks are … . Your home task for the next lesson is … .