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Глагол to have. Verb to have

Глагол to have в прямом значении переводится как иметь, обладать: I have got a cat. Я имею кота. Но мы же так по-русски не выражаемся, поэтому переводим: У меня есть кот.

В настоящем времени to have имеет 2 формы:

  • have для всех лиц, кроме 3-го лица единственного числа
  • has для 3-го лица единственного числа (he, she, it)

I have got

We have got

You have got

He/she/it has got

They have got


В разговорной речи в значении обладанияупотребляется словосочетание have gothas got (краткие формы 've got и 's got), особенно когда речь идёт о временном владении или только что приобретённом предмете:

We've got a nice dog.
У нас есть хорошая собака.

Вопросительная форма образуется путем выноса have в позицию перед подлежащим:

Have you got a dog?

Отрицательная форма have got образуется с помощью частицы  not,которая ставится после have и может с ним сливаться:

have nоt got a pen. I haven’t got a pen.

Или можно поставить no перед существительным, тогда частица not не нужна:
have got no pen here.

has not = hasn't
have not = haven't

Форма have got  характерна для британского варианта английского языка.

В американском варианте говорят просто have: I have a nice flat. Поэтому вопросительная и отрицательная формы образуются с помощью вспомогательного глагола do/does:

Do you have a lot of free time? 


You do not (don’t) have a lot of free time.

Do I have a red dress?


I do not (don’t) have a red dress.

Do we have a lesson today?


We do not (don’t) have a lesson today.

Do they have textbooks?


They do not (don’t) have textbooks.

Does she have a shirt?


She does not (doesn’t) have a shirt.

Does he have a pen?


He does not (doesn’t)   have a pen.

Does it have a tail?

It does not (doesn’t)  have a tail.


Как видно из примеров, do употребляется с 1, 2 лицом единственного и множественного числа, а также с 3 лицом множественного числа; does употребляется с 3 лицом единственного числа.


Каким из вариантов – британским или американским – пользоваться, выбор за вами, но знать нужно оба. 




 Упражнение 1. Fill in  have/has. Вставьте have/has.

 I ________ a mouse. You _________a rabbit. He_________a lion. She_________a giraffe. I _________ no dog. You_________ no chick. He _________ no cat. She_________no elephant. It _________ a sheep. We _________ a cow. You _________ a pig. They _________a hen. It _________ no duck. We _________ no turkey. You_________no rooster.

Упражнение 2. Fill in have got, has got, haven't got or hasn't got. Вставьте have got, has got, haven't got or hasn't got

 I _________ long fair hair. My mum _________ big blue eyes. My dad ________ short dark hair. I _________a little mouth. My brother ______ little ears. My friend __________a big nose. My granny __________ a small face. My teacher __________ short hair.  We _____ got a green parrot. She _____ got seven games. They _____ a big bag. _____ you got a blue pen? _____it got a funny face? He _____  a bike.

Упражнение 3. Fill in have got, has got, haven't got or hasn't got. Вставьте have got, has got, haven't got or hasn't got

1.I _______ a house in the country. 2. _______ you _______ a cold? 3. She _______ 5000 euros in the bank. 4. He _______ four beautiful daughters. 5. They _______ three kids. 6. Peter _______ Internet. 7. Mark _______ a cat called Monkey. 8. Ana _______ a new kitchen. 9. We _______ (not) a TV yet. 10. I _______ (not) a horse. 11. I _______ ¨News for you¨, it is a very popular program. 12. _______ you _______ any lemons? 13. I _______ some oranges. 14. I _______ a sore throat. 15. She _______ (not) an earache. 16. He _______ a temperature. 17. They _______ a tummy ache. 18. I _______ a cut on my foot. 19. _______ you _______ a girlfriend? 20. Her office _______ a nice view. 21. Why _______ he _______ a tattoo? 22. He _______ a lot of money. 23. She _______ a big TV. 24. I _______ two Tous bags. 25. I _______ long hair.


Упражнение 4. Fill in have got, has got, haven't got or hasn't got. Вставьте have got, has got, haven't got or hasn't got

Laura _________ a lot of stamps. 2. Our house _________ (not) large windows. 3. I _________ a younger brother. 4. We _________ art lessons on Mondays. 5. Dad _________ (not) a cold. 6. Monkeys _________long tails. 7. John _________ a sore knee. 8. We _________ a new science teacher. 9. He _________ a bad temper.  10. The girls _________ golden hair. 11. An insect _________ six legs. 12. Dad _________ his cell phone with him. 13. Many poor people _________ (not) anything to eat. 14. Málaga _________ a very big airport. 15. A triangle _________ 3 sides. 16. The man _________ two daughters. 17. James _________ (not) a toothache. 18. All the passengers _________ their tickets. 19. Every pupil _________ (not) a good dictionary. 20. Dad _________ two pairs of shoes. 21. Jack _________ ten marbles. 22. I _________ a hamster. It is called Lucky. 23. We _________ an apartment. 24. The farmer _________ different kinds of animals on his farm.
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Упражнение 5. Fill in have got, has got, haven't got or hasn't got. Вставьте have got, has got, haven't got or hasn't got

I ___________got a family. I __________father, mother, two sisters and a brother. My parents _________ got many relatives. My mother _______  three sisters and a brother. My father _________two cousins. My grandparents ________five grandchildren. My aunt _____a niece and a nephew. My uncle ____ two children. Henry _____got a wife. Eliza ________a husband. I _______got a dog. My dog  _______ a puppy. Jane ______ got a cat. Her cat ________seven kittens. Jack and Sam_____ a parrot. Their parrot _______yellow wings. Tigers _________sharp teeth. Foxes _________long tails. Rabbits _______short tails. Rats _________grey coats. The dog ________a big bone. The cat _________a long tail. The dog _________ short legs.


Упражнение 6. Fill in have got, has got, haven't got or hasn't got. Вставьте have got, has got, haven't got or hasn't got

I ________ a red cap. We ___________ white hats. Harry ________ grey shoes. Jerry _________ black boots. My mother _________a long dress. My father __________green shorts. The woman _________a nice skirt. The man _________a black shirt.  The boy _________ a white T-shirt.


Упражнение 7. Complete the questions. Use have got or has got. Закончите предложения. Используйте have got or has got.

 ____ you ______ any brothers or sisters? _____ you _____ any children? How many cousins ____you ____? ___ you ______ a cat or a dog? ______ your teacher _____a car? _____ your mother _____ a house or a flat garden?

Упражнение 8. Write questions with have /has got. Составьте вопросительные предложения, используя have /has got.

 (you/ a bicycle?) (you /a VCR?) (your step-father/a car?) (Molly/many friends?) (Mr Lether/any children?) (what car/Johny?)

 Упражнение 9. Change the sentences into interrogative. Write short answers. Измени предложения так, чтобы они стали вопросительными. Запиши краткие ответы на них.

Example: She has got three chicks. Has she got three chicks? Yes, she has.

Three little chicks have got a kite. The kite has got a funny face. Fred has got a bike. We have got friends. Our family gas got a good house. The house has got seven windows. The Browns have got a new bike. Their bike has 5 speeds. All the children have got toys. We all have got seven ears. The pupils usually have good mood.